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Thread: Climate and Energy Targets

  1. #26
    To vex the world rather than divert it. Villerar's Avatar
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    Re: Climate and Energy Targets

    Vox published an erudite feature concerning underexpectations of sustainable electricity types by the IEA.

    http://www.vox.com/2015/10/12/951087...ate-renewables

    The International Energy Agency was created in 1974 by countries that had just been through a bruising oil crisis (and were headed for another). Some 23 participants in the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) founded the IEA to gather and share information about energy, model future energy trends, and help mitigate the adverse impacts of (or avoid) subsequent energy crises.

    Since then, IEA has become a widely respected source of energy data and analysis. Its annual World Energy Outlook (WEO) is considered the gold standard in energy modeling, producing endless media coverage and shaping the assumptions of policymakers and the investment class.

    It is somewhat vexing, then, that the IEA has always been, and remains, dismally pessimistic about wind and solar energy. This pessimism has led it to underestimate wind and solar again and again, a track record of failure one might think would trouble an agency known for the quality of its modeling. But if it's troubled, IEA hasn't let on.

  2. #27
    To vex the world rather than divert it. Villerar's Avatar
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    Re: Climate and Energy Targets

    Obama has announced that Keystone XL will be scrapped.

    http://www.nytimes.com/2015/11/07/us...-pipeline.html

    WASHINGTON — President Obama on Friday announced that he has rejected the request from a Canadian company to build the Keystone XL oil pipeline, ending a seven-year review that had become a flash point in the debate over his climate policies.

    President Obama’s denial of the proposed 1,179-mile pipeline, which would have carried 800,000 barrels a day of carbon-heavy petroleum from the Canadian oil sands to the Gulf Coast, comes as he is seeking to build an ambitious legacy on climate change.

    “The pipeline would not make a meaningful longterm contribution to our economy,’’ Mr. Obama said in remarks from the White House.

    The move was made ahead of a major United Nations summit meeting on climate change to be held in Paris in December, when Mr. Obama hopes to help broker a historic agreement committing the world’s nations to enacting new policies to counter global warming. While the rejection of the pipeline is largely symbolic, Mr. Obama has sought to telegraph to other world leaders that the United States is serious about acting on climate change.
    Note that the NYT get some crucial facts wrong: Keystone XL would be a huge enabler of Canadian oil sands, which have an egregious carbon footprint.

    But numerous State Department reviews concluded that construction of the pipeline would have little impact on whether that type of oil was burned, because it was already being extracted and moving to market via rail and existing pipelines.
    And those reviews were the glibbest laughing stock.



    Globally, support for action against greenhouse gas emissions is widespread.

    http://www.nytimes.com/2015/11/06/wo...al-survey.html

    As world leaders prepare to gather in Paris next month to address global warming, their populations generally agree on the need to curb greenhouse gas emissions, but the countries that emit the most carbon dioxide per person are also the ones least worried about climate change, according to a poll released Thursday by the Pew Research Center.

    The survey, which sampled people in 40 countries, found that in every nation surveyed, except Pakistan, a majority of respondents supported placing limits on the emissions of gases that are warming the planet. In the United States, 69 percent did; in China, 71 percent; in Nigeria, 77 percent; in Brazil, 88 percent.
    Read the report here: http://www.pewglobal.org/2015/11/05/...ing-emissions/

  3. #28
    To vex the world rather than divert it. Villerar's Avatar
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    Re: Climate and Energy Targets

    A new climate agreement has been agreed in Paris and it's actually rather solid, unlike the flaccid fluff that was Copenhagen. It's valid from 2020 onward, but some provisions will apply before that. Highly worthy of note is the inclusion of 1.5 K warming as preferred target. Also crucial will be the inclusion of five-yearly stocktakes under a uniform review mechanism and increased responsibilities from growing economies under differentiated responsibilities.

    http://www.theguardian.com/environme...ossil-fuel-era

    Governments have signalled an end to the fossil fuel era, committing for the first time to a universal agreement to cut greenhouse gas emissions and to avoid the most dangerous effects of climate change at crunch UN talks in Paris.

    After 20 years of fraught meetings, including the past two weeks spent in an exhibition hall on the outskirts of Paris, negotiators from nearly 200 countries signed on to a deal on Saturday evening that set ambitious goals to limit temperature rise and to hold governments to account for reaching those targets.

    François Hollande, the French president, appealed to negotiators to approve the 31-page text, and said countries had a rare chance to make history. “We are at a decisive point in time,” he said.

    France’s foreign minister Laurent Fabius, who led the negotiations, said: “It is my deep conviction that we have come up with an ambitious and balanced agreement. Today it is a moment of truth.”

    Miguel Arias Cañete, the EU’s climate commissioner hailed a “historic” deal. “It is solid. We can build on it. The deal is ambitious, balanced and robust,” he said.

    Six years after the chaotic collapse of the Copenhagen climate summit, the agreement now known as the Paris Outcome for the first time commits rich countries, rising economies and some of the poorest countries to work together to fight climate change.

    Under the deal, adopted by consensus, all countries agreed to reduce emissions. Rich countries agreed to raise $100bn a year by 2020 to help poor countries transform their economies. The overall agreement is legally binding but some elements, including the pledges to curb emissions by individual countries and the climate finance elements, are not.

    Government and business leaders said the agreement, which set a new goal to by the end of the century, sent a powerful signal to business that the fossil fuel era was coming to an end.
    This agreement does not change national targets, but it sure as daylight will force countries to improve their targets to increase ambition. François Hollande has already updated France's INDC.

    These are key components of Paris 2015:

    http://www.theguardian.com/environme...eal-key-points

    The goal of 1.5C is a big leap below the 2C agreed six years ago in Copenhagen. Here’s what the agreement means for global emissions and the future of the planet
    I'd say that France and the UNFCCC, especially Fabius and Figueres but also Hollande and Ki-Moon have all in all done a stellar job, despite some unfortunate shortcomings of the final agreement.

  4. #29
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    Re: Climate and Energy Targets

    The US and China will try to activate the Paris Agreement early.

    http://www.theguardian.com/environme...to-force-early

    The US and China are leading a push to bring the Paris climate accord into force much faster than even the most optimistic projections – aided by a typographical glitch in the text of the agreement.

    More than 150 governments, including 40 heads of state, are expected at a symbolic signing ceremony for the agreement at the United Nations on 22 April, which is Earth Day.

    It’s the largest one-day signing of any international agreement, according to the UN.

    But leaders will really be looking to see which countries go beyond mere ceremony and legally join the agreement, which would bind them to the promises made in Paris last December to keep warming below the agreed target of 2C.

    So far, the US, China, Canada and a host of other countries have promised to join this year - boosting the hopes of bringing the Paris deal into force before the initial target date of 2020 – possibly as early as 2016 or 2017, according to officials and analysts.

  5. #30
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    Re: Climate and Energy Targets

    Yesterday, fifteen countries ratified the Paris Agreement and 175 signed it.

    http://www.theguardian.com/environme...gning-ceremony

    More than 170 governments declared an end to the fossil fuel era on Friday, using the signing ceremony for the landmark Paris agreement as an occasion to renew their vows to fight climate change.

    The outpouring of support – the largest ever single-day turn-out for a signing ceremony – underscored strong international commitment to deliver on the promises made in Paris last December to avoid a climate catastrophe, the leaders said.

    “There is no turning back,” François Hollande, the French president, told the United Nations assembly.

    The UN secretary general, Ban Ki-moon, said signatories to the deal were embracing “a new covenant of the future”. Leonardo DiCaprio, a UN climate ambassador, likened efforts against climate change to the campaign to end slavery.

    Hindou Oumarou Ibrahim, an indigenous women’s leader from Chad, called on countries to following through on their promises. Temperatures in her country were already a blistering 48C (118F), she said, and climate change threatened to obliterate billions spent on development aid over recent decades.

    “Climate change is adding to poverty every day,” she said.

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